The Voting Rights Project - The Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law | Voting Laws We Enforce

Voting Laws We Enforce

Like other components of our constitutional system, elections are governed by a combination of state and federal law.  Federal law imposes some constraints on elections but the majority of election issues are left up to state law. One of the main goals of the Voting Rights Project is to enforce these state and federal laws through litigation and other legal avenues.

The U.S. Constitution

The Constitution provides the basis for our fundamental right to vote. Article 1 and the 14th and 15thAmendments are the key sources of this right. Click here for more information about Constitutional provisions that give eligible Americans the right to vote.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965

The Voting Rights Act was enacted to prevent and remedy racial discrimination in voting.  Though most of the Voting Rights Act concerns racial and minority language discrimination, several provisions of the Act have general applicability. Click here for more information about key provisions of the Voting Rights Act.

The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA)

The NVRA was enacted to make voter registration more accessible to eligible voters in federal elections and to standardize the process of removing voters from the registration list.  States that did not have voter registration or had Election Day registration as of January 1, 1994, are exempt from the NVRA. The NVRA requires each state to designate a chief election official.  This is important because the private right of action to enforce the NVRA requires timely notification to the state’s chief election official. Click here for more information about the NVRA.

The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA)

HAVA was the Congressional response to the controversy surrounding the 2000 election.  It creates several new federal requirements for federal elections. Click here for more information about HAVA.

For information on significant election issues, including voter registration, early and absentee voting, voter identification and more, visit the Election Protection Coalition's website at

Practical Progressive - Official Selection 2008